Florence Lawrence

Florence Lawrence was America’s first movie star and inventor of the mechanical turn signal and brake light. She made her first film in 1906 and starred in over 300 more. She was crazy about automobiles and did all of her own mechanical work on them. By 1914 she invented a turn signaling arm and the first electric windshield wiper. She did not get patents for any of her inventions and died in poverty.


Florence Lawrence, 2015, Encaustic, paint, tondo panel on sheet metal with vintage stop brake light, 14” x 13.5” x 3,” ©2017 Pat Benincasa   All Rights Reserved